Cock Breeder Forum
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Alejandro Luna Flores was with his family when he personally
visited Philippine Ambassador to Mexico Alejandro Ortigas III last
October 9, 2009.
the Mexican boy also presented the Philippine Embassy a rooster art work in blown glass. The artwork is a product of the State of Hidalgo, which the boy’s father said symbolizes the cockfighting influence of the Philippines to Mexico.
Its possible for Fighting Cock without using gaffs between two roosters, held in a cockpit. This will be more humane for Majority of Americans, How About Cock Boxing Gloves ?
Hens require 14 hours of day length to sustain egg production. Once day length drops below 12 hours, production will decrease and frequently stop. This happens naturally from October through to February. To prevent this, provide artificial light to maintain a constant day length of at least 14 hours per day. One 40 watt light for each 100 square feet of coop is adequate. The lights should be added in the morning hours so the birds can go to roost as the sun sets. This prevents birds from being stranded in the dark when lights are turned out during dark hours. Some small flock owners find it easier to leave the lights on continuously. This is not a problem as long as you do not use light bulbs over the 40 watt size. However, the time clock will help lower your electric bill.The great speckled bird or better known as the Garrard Hatch or whatever you want to call them, is an old breed of gamefowl that have stood the test of time and are still winning with an utmost high percentage today. These fowl have a long history of great breeding behind them, Billy Ruble who was a famous man for his power Hatch cocks, Harold Brown had these Hatch cocks that he and Curtis Blackwell got direct from Ted McLean. Harold let Billy have these cocks; the ones they liked best were getting old. Billy bought the old cock and bred them brother and sister, which came out spangled. Harold Brown and Billy Ruble did not want spangled chickens so Ed Garrard got the spangled fowl from Harold Brown. These were strictly POWER cocks.
Founding a Line
Once you have purchased the individuals to make up the ideal bird, you can found a breeding line to work towards this goal. The progenitor (starting bird) will usually be a cock. He should have good color, well defined markings, good head qualities and an outgoing personality that is important for a show bird.
The hens that will mate with the progenitor should complement his good points and modify any weakness. They should be inclined to bulkiness, with a deep mask and broad head. Any fault in the progenitor can be breed out with successive generations altering the undesirable trait.
This initial stage of the breeding process is called outbreeding, as you are breeding a large number of unrelated birds to give a greater choice of birds next season. Once the line is founded, a form of inbreeding is used to strengthen the desirable characteristics in your flock. Inbreeding involves breeding related birds to establish the good traits of the original birds. The most common form of inbreeding is line-breeding.
Famous bloodlines of cock breeder in the Philippines include:
Red Junglefowl, Gallus gallus, is a tropical member of the Pheasant family and the direct ancestor of the domestic chicken. It is the first breed of chicken and the first known breed that would fight to the death to establish male dominance. The Red Junglefowl is sometimes referred to as "Wild Junglefowl".
was first raised in captivity at least 5,000 years ago in India, and
the domesticated form has been taken all around the world as a very
productive food source for both meat and eggs, which some breeds have
been specifically developed to produce by depleting its original
genetics to calm its nature.
Many gamefowl owners incubate eggs to help sustain their flock over time. This fact sheet is designed to assist those who wish to incubate small and large numbers of gamebird eggs. The words "fertility" and "hatchability" are often used incorrectly by small producers. These terms are important and have very important meaning.
Percent Fertility is the percentage of fertile eggs of all eggs produced.
% fertility = No. of fertile eggs / No. of total eggs produced or set
Percent Hatchability is the percentage of fertile eggs which actually hatch out as live young.
% hatchability = No. of eggs which hatch out / No. of fertile eggs
Selection of Hatching Eggs :
Most producers set as many eggs as their breeders produce. If incubator space is the limiting factor, it is more profitable to select the better quality eggs for incubating.
A few tips to follow when selecting hatching eggs are:
*Select eggs from breeders that are (1) well developed, mature and healthy; (2) compatible with their mates and produce a high percentage of fertile eggs; (3) are not disturbed much during the mating season; (4) fed a complete breeder diet; and (5) not directly related [brother, sister, mother, father, etc.].
*Avoid excessively large or small eggs. Large eggs hatch poorly and small eggs produce small chicks.
*Avoid eggs with cracked or thin shells. These eggs have difficulty retaining moisture needed for proper chick development. Penetration of disease organisms increase in cracked eggs.
*Do not incubate eggs that are excessively misshapen.
*Keep only clean eggs for hatching. Do not wash dirty eggs or wipe eggs clean with a damp cloth. This removes the egg's protective coating and exposes it to entry of disease organisms. The washing and rubbing action also serves to force disease organisms through the pores of the shell.
Jimmy Cox and Mike Barton, he said he has adjusted. Before he ships birds to anybody, he requires them to sign an agreement "that the sale of said chicken(s) is for breeding purposes only."
50-year old Polomolok mayor Ed Lumayag to relent and give Sun Star the opportunity to visit his cock farm.
Modesty aside, he continued, was already a self-made businessman before he entered politics.
Born to tuba-gatherer father, Mayor Lumayag has come a long way. In 1986, already married to Clemen of Laguna, he tried his luck in Polomolok where he started his hauling business with just a couple of dump trucks and a payloader.
His business grew and reached its peaked when he was awarded as one of the contractors of the United States Agency for International Development-funded General Santos City Airport and the Sarangani Coastal road projects. He credits his success to his sense of fairness and hardworking traits.
At his sprawling eight-hectare property dotted with mango trees in Cannery, some six kilometers away from the town hall, Mayor Lumayag maintains a stable of 700 cocks, close to 500 of them are stags. He also has a stable of around 200 brood cock and hens and 'hundreds' more at the range pen.
Stags are roosters just below 10 months old and have not yet shed their primary wings.
trio (one roster and two hens) of imported breedline could costs from a low of US$700 to as high as US$3,000. Rather, it was the bonanza of his breakthrough triumph that had Lumayag brimming with pride
Polomolok mayor revealed he just shipped out 90 cocks to Manila. Each cock costs P10,000. That is a cool P9 million gross. A friend from Tarlac, he added, also ordered 50 cocks from him but he could only send 30.
"I don't want to give him inferior stocks. I do not want to lose his friendship just because I want to earn money," he said.
He likewise told this writer that he regularly sends cocks to Indonesia at about 8,000 Pesos each - farm gate price.
Last year he sent a total of 100 of them to Indonesia.
Game Cock Bloodlines:
With the lifting of importation restrictions, practically all bloodlines developed in the United States of America and in other countries are already in the Philippines. This gives every cocker and game chicken breeder a wider choice of bloodline or bloodlines to start with. One only has to make up his mind on what characters he wants to combine, and then start scouting for bloodlines that have them for his foundation stock.
The following bloodlines are considered basic bloodlines, which are commonly used in game fowl breeding:
Regular Grey is said to be a combination of three grey families: the Law Grey, the Sweater Gray and the Plainhead Muff Grey. Regular Greys come green legged, sometimes with yellow, silver duck wings and straight comb. They are medium to low-stationed, and are known for power and gameness. Breeders note that they are as powerful and dead game as the Bluefaces. Because of these, many breeders have made Regular Grey as their foundation line.
Modern Hatches are more high flying and are faster, many coming more brainy than usual. Their usual characteristics like power and gameness, though, are still there, their blows often packing a wallop. They are basically medium-stationed and peacombed with some coming straight combed.
The Hatch blood came form Sanford Hatch who blended, as story goes, a Kearney Whitehackle with a Kearney Brown Red, mixing in other bloods like the Herman Duryea Boston Roundheads, Jim Thompson Mahoganies, among others, to come up with his signature Hatch fowl. From the Sandy Hatch stocks came Ted McLean’s version of Hatch that came both yellow and green-legged. Supposedly, these were the better Hatches that gave rise to the other variants of the McLean like Gilmore Hatch, Blueface Hatch, Jack Walton Hatch, Kentucky Hatch, Oakgrove Hatch, etc.
Peacombed, tall and white or yellow legged, Roundheads are considered as ring generals. They are characteristically flyers and agile all-around athletes with superb cutting ability. The most famous among the many Roundheads is the Lacy Roundhead, originated by Judge Lacy. There are other Roundhead families like the Bruners, Sheltons, Allen and Boston. It is widely believed that this family originated from the oriental fowl. They cross well with Clarets, Butchers, Greys, and of course, Hatches.
Shamos, Asils, Japs, Thais, Jolo, Basilan, Parawak – these are just some of the many types of oriental fowl. They are big headed, light-eyed, heavy boned, short and tight feathered and thickly shanked chickens. Very brainy and hardy, these chickens use an off-beat fighting style which twits the aggressive American type of gamefowl. Accurate body hitters and smart side-steppers, asils are usually graded up to an eighth or even a sixteenth with the American fowl in the hope of retaining the desirable cutting and off-beat traits of the Orientals in the resulting battlecrosss. Either you love them or you hate them – that’s the Oriental Fowl.
Today, one is not considered “in” if he is not breeding the Sweater fowl. Yellow legged, peacombed, high stationed, sleek body conformation and with their characteristic pumpkin-orange hackle feathers and swarming offensive fighting style – Sweaters were popularized in the Philippines by Carol NeSmith who won the World Slashers International Derby back to back. As with many families, the origin of Sweater is mired by so many versions, some even contradictory. However, it is commonly accepted that this blood, as originated by Sweater McGinnis, is heavy on the Kelso blood. Today, the more well known Sweaters are those which come from Dink Fiar, Bruce Barnette, Nene Abello, Sonny Lagon, Atty. Jun Mendoza, Raffy Campos and Edwin Aranez, Bebot and Chionkee Uy, among many others.
Kearney Whitehackle is one of the most solid bloodlines used as foundation stocks because of its unquenchable do-or-die gameness. Straight-combed red with the characteristic white underhackle feathers, the Kearney Whitehackle comes yellow legged and sometimes spangle-feathered. This bloodline is one of the gamest among the many Whitehackle subfamilies and is used only for infusion purposes to prop up any floundering bloodline.
Phil Marsh is credited for creating the Butcher bloodline, which is a blend of Grove WhiteHackle and some Spanish fowl, the Speeder Greys. Calling them Butchers because of his occupation, Phil Marsh often fought under the entry name “Butcher Boys”.
Butchers are straight-combed red that often come white-legged with some coming yellow-legged. They are known for their accurate cutting ability and brainy fighting style, leading many experts to say “when a Butcher hits you, you are hit”. Medium to low-stationed, Butchers sometime come spangled and brassback in color, with the latter presently called Black Butchers.
The Blueface Hatch, a special strain of Hatches, came to be known as such because of its pale-faced appearance, which is similar to the appearance of a fowl with Avian Leucosis. Blueface Hatches are so good that their originator, Sweater McGinnis, decided to breed them some more, with some ending up with Harold Brown, Billy Ruble, Red Richardson, Percy Flowers, William Greene and other American cocking greats. Straight-combed, green-legged and medium to low stationed, Bluefaces have carved a reputation for gameness. Used mainly for foundation blood purposes, old time breeders agree that the best battlecross carries only a quarter or less of the Blueface blood.
Brown Red has speed and more speed, with cutting to boot – the advantage of this dark fowl. Coming dark-legged, dark-eyed and with characteristic black feathering, this family is a sight to behold, since Brown Reds show more of the razzle-dazzle shuffling action type of fighting, although their drawback is their seeming lack of gameness and stamina. However, because of other infusions made by breeders, there already are Brown Reds that are game enough, lasting for more than 10 minutes. In the drag fight, these fighters are defensive and very calculating, uncharacteristic of a typical Brown Red.
Originated by the legend Paeng Araneta, Lemon 84 has become the base used by most Bacolod breeders. Until presently, this line is still winning. Basically from the Hatch-Butcher-Claret blends of the late Duke Hulsey, Paend has been able to create subfamilies from the original stocks.
Lemon 84 (called as such because the original brood cock had legband number 84) comes lemon hackled, peacombed or straight-combed and yellow and green-legged. Although lacking in gameness, Lemon 84 makes up for it with its almost automatic, instinctive and precise sense of timing when it clips the opponent in mid-air and throws his fatal punches or counterpunches. This is its most sought-after trait despite its medium or low station.
Eerie looking because of the feathers on its face, the Muff is known for its aggressive frontal fighting style. Muffs throw a barrage of blows with no letup or billhold. Although low-stationed, Muffs have an unerring sense of accuracy when it comes to the cutting department. Basically red in color, they come yellow-legged and peacombed. Noted breeders of this family are Billy Ruble, John Sears and Dr. John Kozura.
Pyle is a plumage color that denotes one that is not red, grey or black. Pyles come white, blue, dom, off-white, off-grey or off-red colors. They are white-legged or yellow-legged and straight or peacombed.
They are known for their high flying style and accurate cutting. Many are not deep game as Hatch or Whitehackle, but there are Pyles that are as game. Currently, they are crossed with the sturdy and hardy lines to hopefully strike the perfect blend of fighting characteristics.
Yellow Leg Hatch Cock
Pure Sweater Cock
Filipinos were staging cockfights when Ferdinand Magellan came ashore in 1521, and more than 5 million roosters will clash in the country’s cockpits this year, said Manny Berbano, publisher of the glossy Pit Games magazine and head of National Gamefowl Training Center.
With six national TV shows devoted to the sport, Filipinos can enjoy the carnage from the comfort of their homes almost every night of the week.
The Philippine economy benefits by more than $1 billion a year from cockfight betting, breeding farms and the business of selling feed and drugs, including steroids, that bulk up the birds for two years before their fighting instinct kicks in, Berbano estimated.
In the stands at the coliseum, bet-takers – called kristos after the Tagalog word for Christ – probably handled more than $400,000 in wagers in a single night during the Slasher Cup II, he said.
As cockpits across the U.S. closed, or went underground, American breeders continued to produce pedigreed game fowl, maintaining bloodlines that date to 19th century England and Ireland. Some made millions of dollars exporting fighting cocks to countries such as the Philippines and Mexico, where the sport is still legal and enormously popular.
Berbano proudly paid an Alabama breeder $5,000 for a cock from a long line of champions, a thoroughbred sweater yellow legged hatch